Hesy-Re was an Egyptian scribe who lived around 2600 BC. C. And he is recognized as the first dentist. Medically reviewed by Colgate Global Scientific Communications Can you imagine undergoing dental treatment without anesthesia? Thanks to the milestones achieved over the centuries, you can appreciate the convenient technologies and equipment your dentist uses to make you feel comfortable during your appointments.
This is how the history of dentistry has led to the modern office you visit today. You may have wondered how ancient humans maintained oral hygiene, especially since they didn't have fluoride toothpaste to keep their pearlescent white shiny. A study published in PLOS One points out that our ancestors actually had very few cavities, thanks in part to their diet and the consumption of weeds with antibacterial properties. The ADA points out that the Chinese were the first to use fillings made of amalgam (as early as 700 AD, D.
By 1210 in France, dental surgeries, including tooth extractions, were routine. In the 16th century, these procedures appeared in published books dedicated to dentistry, which described in depth tooth extraction, the anatomy of the jaw and tooth decay, among other dental topics. Medieval care providers also began experimenting with anesthesia, making herbal blends from substances such as opium and hemlock, notes the Wood Library and Museum of Anesthesiology. The ADA points out that root canals, dentures and crowns were part of dental services in the mid-18th century.
Dental professionals at the time were already addressing aesthetic issues and trying to make gold crowns as similar as possible to natural teeth. The founding fathers of the United States also played a role in the history of dentistry. Paul Revere advertised his dental services in his newspaper, and George Washington infamously wore many sets of dentures throughout his life, as reported by Tufts Dental Medicine. Although legend has it that it had wooden teeth, the dentures were actually made of a combination of bone, hippopotamus ivory, human teeth, brass screws, lead and gold wire.
In 1859, 26 dentists met in New York and officially formed the ADA. By then, dentists had developed ether anesthesia for oral surgery. Toothpaste in tubes, as we know it today, became a basic element of oral hygiene at the turn of the century. At this time, one of the most important diagnostic tools in dentistry, radiography, was also discovered.
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When people hear the word dentistry, they probably think about teeth cleaning and dental procedures without considering their history. But the history of dentistry dates back to ancient Egypt, in 7500 BC. Ancient Egyptians were the first to have replacement teeth. These are the forerunners of modern dentures and crowns.
Tooth decay was also recognized as a problem around 5000 BC. The question of how long dental disease has existed goes back to the Ebers papyrus and the Egyptian text. It refers to dental diseases and remedies for toothache. Records dating back to 700 AD show that the Chinese first used “silver paste” as a type of amalgam.
By 1210, barbers in France were not only cutting their hair and shaving, but also performing surgeries and tooth extractions. The 18th century marked the rise of dentistry as a profession. That's when a French surgeon named Pierre Fauchard published “The Surgeon Dentist, A Treatise on Teeth”. Fauchard is considered the father of modern dentistry, since his book detailed a basic system for practicing dentistry.
Other developments included the creation of the American Dental Association, the invention of the toothpaste tube, and the use of X-rays in dentistry. Teeth didn't look as good in the 19th century as they do today. Treatment methods recently discovered at the time included silver fillings, rubber bases for dentures, and porcelain inlays. Technology really began to shape dentistry in the 1900s.
Charles Land developed the porcelain crown for jackets, novocaine was born and William Taggart invented precision cast fillings. The use of nylon toothbrushes and the fluoridation of water by municipalities became commonplace. A system for bonding acrylic resin to dentin was also developed. It is believed that the first dentist was an Egyptian scribe named Hesy-Re.
It can be traced back to 2600 a. Archaeologists determined that he was a high-ranking official who served Pharaoh Djoser. He held the title of “Chief Dentist”. The phrase “the greatest of those who care for teeth and doctors” was engraved on his grave.
Robert Tanner Freeman became the first African-American to earn a degree in dentistry. He graduated first in his class from Harvard Dental School in 1869, just four years after the end of the Civil War. The son of the slaves, as a child, Dr. Freeman met Henry Bliss Noble, a white dentist who worked in the District of Columbia.
Freeman worked as an apprentice with Dr. Freeman opened his own practice in Washington, DC. Paul Revere is known for being one of the most ardent patriots and key figures of the American Revolution. But I also knew a thing or two about teeth.
Revere first announced in 1768 that not only could he clean his teeth, but that he could also place wires in their place, false teeth made of ivory or animal teeth. He learned the skills of a dental surgeon named John Baker. She began learning from Jonathan Taft, dean of the Ohio School of Dental Surgery, until another professor hired her. The Ohio faculty denied him admission in 1861, so Hobbs opened his own practice, as few dentists had degrees at the time.
In the 1880s, “dental nurse” was the phrase used to describe someone who provided prophylactic treatment as a method of preventing diseases. In 1906, Irene Newman was training as an apprentice to Alfred C. Newman learned to climb and polish his teeth. But Fones didn't like the “dental nurse”.
So he chose to call Newman a dental hygienist. Fones trained a total of 97 dental hygiene students in three classes. Eventually, those hygienists were licensed and allowed to practice. Connecticut was the first state to allow trained dental hygienists to perform prophylactic treatments.
The state amended its dental office law in 1915 to include the regulation of dental hygienists. Dentists in other states soon followed suit; therefore, dentists began to regulate dental hygiene standards. The evolution of oral surgery is due to advances in technology. Two of the most important components of evolution are numbing agents, such as novocaine and nitrous oxide, and a high-powered hand drill.
Together, both devices allowed dentists to access and treat tooth decay problems that could only be solved centuries ago by fully extracting the tooth. Nowadays, procedures that include extractions, fillings, crowns, bridges, endodontics, implants and wisdom tooth extraction are possible thanks to technological advances. As with other aspects of dental technology, the dental chair has become more advanced over the years. In 1790, an American dentist named Josiah Flagg invented the dental chair.
It had an extended armrest that held dental instruments. The chair also had an adjustable headrest that made patients feel more comfortable. Einhorn originally invented it for use in amputations. He was disappointed when he discovered that dentists were using it for procedures, so he dissuaded dentists from doing so.
Mouthwash was developed in the late 19th century. Modern mouthwashes contain other germ-killing properties, such as cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC). CALIFORNIA CONSUMER PRIVACY ACT Learn more about the new data privacy rights for California residents. The specialists listed on this website are defined by the ADA.
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