What are the two main factors that affect dental health in children?

Inadequate toothbrushing and inadequate oral hygiene can cause tooth decay, the most common chronic diseases of childhood with several side effects. Even babies can get cavities. Putting a baby to sleep with a bottle can damage their teeth. Sugars in juice, formula, or milk that stay on a baby's teeth for hours can corrode enamel (the layer of the tooth that protects against tooth decay).

This can cause tooth decay at the mouth of the bottle or bottle. When this happens, the front teeth can become discolored, pricked, and itchy. Cavities can form, and in severe cases, decayed teeth may need to be removed. Periodontal disease affects the tissues that surround and support the teeth.

The disease is characterized by bleeding or swelling of the gums (gingivitis), pain, and sometimes bad breath. In its most severe form, the gum can detach from the tooth and the supporting bone, causing the teeth to loosen and sometimes fall out. Serious periodontal diseases are estimated to affect around 19% of the global adult population, representing more than 1 billion cases worldwide. The main risk factors for periodontal disease are poor oral hygiene and tobacco use.

By reducing the body's resistance to infections, diabetes puts the gums at risk. Gum disease seems to be more common and severe among people who have diabetes. Research shows that people who have gum disease have a harder time controlling their blood sugar levels. Regular periodontal care can improve diabetes control.

Tell your dentist about the medications you are taking and about changes in your general health, especially if you have been ill recently or if you have a chronic condition, such as diabetes. Improving the oral health-related quality of life for children and their families with appropriate dental treatment provides considerable evidence that children with dental decay should receive care to stop the disease, eliminate the infection, and restore teeth and occlusion, as appropriate. Tooth loss is often the end point of a lifelong history of oral disease, mainly advanced tooth decay and severe periodontal disease, but it can also be due to trauma and other causes. The purpose of this article is to identify problems related to the provision of dental care to children, including the impact of dental pain and infection on children and their families; relationships with diet, dental decay, and general health; the outcomes and need for restorative care; and the possibilities of sealing cavities.

Oral health is defined as a normal state of the oral cavity, with the individual's ability to eat, smile, speak, etc. The Resolution affirms that oral health must be firmly embedded in the non-communicable disease agenda and that oral health care interventions must be included in universal health coverage programs. As the results indicate, the daily consumption of sugar, despite a downward trend, remains one of the most prevalent factors associated with dental caries, since it affects the oral health of more than a third of schoolchildren between 11 and 13 years old. The research focused on the prevalence of behavioral factors of dental caries, namely, indicators of insufficient dental hygiene (brushing your teeth less than once a day) and dietary habits associated with a higher risk of tooth decay (eating sweets daily, drinking soft drinks daily and a combination of them) among children aged 11 to 13 years.

Children cannot defend themselves and the dental profession must continue to work to achieve care that provides children with comfortable and functional primary dentition, young and healthy permanent dentures, and optimal oral health throughout their adult lives. It is important that oral health research related to children and appropriate education for general practitioners and pediatric dentistry specialists receive adequate funding. These problems have significant consequences on family life and, since the prevalence of dental decay is higher in families that are more stressed, it is inconceivable that no efforts are being made to improve the oral health of children with these problems. Adult patients make their own decisions about oral care at home or whether or not they want treatment after a dentist has tried to motivate, inform and explain their dental needs.

Another consideration is that children's oral health status should be recorded in their general medical history and that all children with CCD and other oral health problems should receive that information to their doctors to raise awareness about the impact of the child's oral health on their overall well-being. The age of 12 is generally considered a crucial period for the development of dental caries and a further deterioration in oral health. Available information would support the conclusion that many children do not receive adequate or adequate dental care and that the dental profession should be open to investigating novel approaches that may involve a combination of methods to restore, seal and stop dental decay. The uneven distribution of oral health professionals and the lack of adequate health facilities to meet the needs of the population in most countries mean that access to primary oral health services is often low.


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